UNICEF defines child trafficking as "the act of recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation either within or outside a country".
The exploitation of trafficked children can take many forms -- forced prostitution, labor, marriage, militia, domestic servitude and more -- but nearly always means dirty and dangerous work for little or no pay, often involving sexual abuse and enforcement through threat and violence.
People living with poverty are especially vulnerable to the false promise of a better future, and in an economy that depends heavily on dividends from migrating workers, desperation can lead people to consider risky opportunities.Families are often enticed by the offer of well-paid work for their child in another region or country. They may even be given an advance against the child's anticipated earnings, and trafficked children hope to improve their lives and send money back to their families. But when they arrive at their destination, they find that the situation is very different.In most poor societies, it's the girls who are more readily taken out of school (or never sent in the first place). Parents may believe that education is wasted on a girl whose destiny is to marry and leave home. That leaves them open to persuasion that the opportunity to go away and gain "life experience" is in their daughter's best interests. Girls -- especially those with disabilities or from ethnic minorities or certain castes -- are therefore particularly vulnerable to exploitation and abuse.
The people they exploit are extremely vulnerable. With family breadwinners killed or injured, land and livelihoods destroyed and food and shelter hard to come by, people are more inclined than ever to take desperate actions.Children separated from their families may be believed missing or dead. The assumption, genuine or otherwise, that a child is an orphan makes them especially vulnerable. Sadly some families even send their children to orphanages because they can't afford to care for them. These "orphans" may be trafficked directly or otherwise subjected to illegal adoption, sold to well-intentioned families from richer nations.On a range of responsive and preventative measures, and with civil society and a number of national and international NGOs to prioritize getting children back into school as quickly as possible.A fundamental strategy to fighting child trafficking is to keep children in schools, protecting their right to education and a safe environment.Campaigns working with Senhoa & Taught Not Trafficked in partnership with survivors' group promote crucial awareness and have been providing education, shelter, legal aid, vocational training and counseling before, during and after the period natural disasters. But more than that, it's essential that child trafficking everywhere is not treated as a symptom of crisis during times of natural disasters. It must be recognized as a scourge that requires coordinated international action, including advocacy and awareness integrated across all programs that work with vulnerable children and their families and communities. In this way, agencies will be prepared to respond quickly and effectively when -- not if -- the next disaster strikes.
Steps to help.
Awareness. Reading this alone is the step towards helping end human trafficking thru awareness of our existing issue, globally & locally.
Voice. Talk about it. Be apart of the conversation. Sharing to others about the existence of human trafficking, who is vulnerable and targeted, and why.
Read More https://theconversation.com/getting-children-back-to-school-is-the-next-priority-for-nepal-earthquake-recovery-42131